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A Journey Through Judo: Part 3

A Journey Through Judo Part 3: The End Goal

In contest judo, you aim to win, ideally by ippon (a full point), by either throwing the other person on their back or by getting them to submit through the application of an armlock or a strangle. You can also hold or pin them on their back for a set length of time. Other than that you can win by getting smaller scores (the person doesn’t land squarely on their back with enough force) and by the other person receiving penalties. Judo as a sport has developed and evolved and as such has a set of rules and regulations which aim to make the sport safe, fair and spectator friendly. A judo contest now is certainly a very different prospect to what it was 100 years ago.

As a means of unarmed combat the end goals are the same: defeat the attacker by disabling them. Usually getting them on their back and finishing them with some strikes, kicks, a lock or a chokehold will do that.

The average spectator will watch a judo match today and may very well wonder what’s going on a lot of the time. It’s quite difficult to see or understand the intricacies involved in trying to throw someone on their back unless you have felt it or watched it a lot. With people of the same standard there are lots of opportunities for counters, combinations as well as direct ‘hits’. But it’s easily within everyone’s scope, especially during randori (free practice) to be able to throw cleanly and effectively.

For a beginner getting thrown for the first time can be quite daunting. Sometimes it is better for beginners to practice with higher grades who know how to throw cleanly and be thrown. Plenty of time should be given to learning ukemi (break falling techniques) to build confidence. It is quite common for beginners to be tense and stiff to start. To be able to throw and move effectively, a judoka learns how to be stiff and strong yet fluid and soft in equal measures.

When you throw cleanly for ippon, it’s like everything has just come into focus in an instant.

A Journey Through Judo: Part 2

Getting the basics right – 3 steps to maximum efficient efficiency

Readiness:- Stance, posture, balance, awareness.
Action:- Falling, turning, sweeping, circling, lifting, blocking.
Efficiency:- Coordination, anticipation, speed, power, reaction.

1. The first step to learning a technique is having a good posture and being ready and willing to learn. If you’re facing an ‘opponent’, before engaging in contact you have to have an awareness, both of your position and of your opponents. They way you stand and your posture can have a big impact on both your mental state and theirs. Do you look prepared and confident? Are you relaxed and poised?
For judo, the ready stance is one foot slightly in front of the other, knees slightly bent, legs apart. Hands should be slightly raised, fingers spread, ready to take a grip or block an attack. Back is flat, shoulders down and relaxed. At first, when practicing techniques, you’ll often stand square on to your partner so they can turn in but this should be developed quickly into having to move your partner into the best position to throw.

2. The next basics are the ‘action’ basics. Falling correctly is essential for practise but also a useful skill to have in daily life. Being aware of your body in space and time is an integral part of judo. When learning and practicing techniques you will use your body in different ways. You will learn to twist and turn, be both flexible and stiff depending on the technique, and use your body to lift, throw, move and hold the other persons.

3. The 3rd step to good technique and efficient judo is combining all the elements by coordinating moments and getting the timing right. You start to perform techniques based on your opponents movements and reactions, and learn when to move and react. You develop a feel for combining the right grip with the right movement at the right time. You learn to use your body and your strength to it’s maximum capacity and to its maximum efficiency so even if you are smaller than your opponent you have a chance to beat them.